In the Yup’ik language the word Kwikpak means many things including provider for all, why we live and great river. The Yup’ik people call the Yukon River Kwikpak because it does all of those things for the people who have lived along it for centuries. In addition to the mighty Yukon being known as Kwikpak, it’s the fitting nickname for a seasonal fish camp located along the bank of Kwikpak Pass at the mouth of the Yukon River. Chuloonawick, also known as Kwikpak and Kwikpakamiut, is the summer fish camp for residents of Emmonak.
The camp’s name, Chuloonawick comes from the Yup’ik work Culunarvik, meaning a place to salt fish. Salting is one of the oldest forms of preserving food and has been used for thousands of years. It inhibits the growth of microorganisms by drawing out the water.
Chuloonawick is a historic Eskimo village that was first reported in 1879 by the U.S. Coast & Geodetic Survey. When it was abandoned it became a summer fish camp for Emmonak residents. The village of Emmonak is located at the mouth of the Yukon River, 10 miles from the Bering Sea, 120 air miles northwest of Bethel.
Chuloonawick is only occupied during the summer when nearby residents reside there during the fishing season. It’s accessible only by boat and float plane. The fish camp has a maritime climate with temperatures fluctuating from -25 to 79 °F. Annual rainfall is close to 20 inches per year and snowfall averages around 60 inches per year.
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P.O. Box 245
Emmonak, AK 99581